Briquette machine – Diesel Engine driven – by Thai Sumi Company (THAILAND)
11HP Diesel engine driven – Capacity 200-300 kg/hr (depending on type of charcoal)
Standard capacity with manual start or battery start engine.
High density briquette making with adjustable speed/density system.
Please visity our website for contact information and more photos/videos.
Sawdust briquette factory and machine by Thai Sumi company
Sawdust briquette machine unit comprises sieving machine rotary, dryer, conveyor, feeder, briquette machine (extruder) and kiln (in case to produce charcoal). Raw materials can be sawdust, rice husk, other grain size biomass, etc. For more information, please visit our website below.
Many countries are producing coconut shell charcoal briquette for export. Typeical packing and loading are as follows.
The price of our premium grade coconut shell charcoal briquette specification and price as below;
– Shape : Hexagonal with hole (6-side), 4-side type with hole or Cube without hole (cubic)
– Size : 4.5 cm. diameter, 8-9 cm. length (Standard), 0.100~0.105 kg per piece for Hexagonal with hole type, 4.0 x 3.0 x 2.5 cm for cubic type
– Package (included) : 3-ply paper carton with plastic liner, 12-15 kg/box, 2 sides logo printing in Black color.
– Amount per container : 16,500-17,500 kg./ 20’ container (depends also on type of package), maximum allowable loading weight for 40ft
– Price : USD or EURO currency / Ton (FOB Bangkok, THAILAND)
– Condition : T/T 20-50% (advance), and balance against document (against fax)
– Supply-ability: depeding on producer (MT/month)
Producer can do a custom-made package as customer’s request. Producers can produce different quality of coconut shell charcoal products, depending on the requested quality. Normally the 100% coconut shell charcoal briquette without any chemical is 100% safe for use.
Producing of charcoal starts from the beginning – carbonization, selecting, sieving, crushing, extruding, drying, etc. It is important to control the quality control (best quality possible) so that our charcoal briquette gives better flavor to food and long-lasting (3-6 hours depending on usage condition).
These are minimum requirement for coconut shell and also similar charcoal briquette’s quality.
How much olive stones would you need ideally? I also have this other question:
Is it possible to make briquettes or logs like yours WITHOUT any binder. I am talking in general here (not especially about the olive stones).
I am asking this question because I met a potential “competitor” that bought material (from Italy) that will allow him to compact olive stones into briquettes. This competitor does not plan to char the stones but just compact the stones into briquettes and sell them.
according to him, his briquettes will be made without binder. is it possible or he wanted just to impress me?
Let us refer to charred briquette as “Charcoal Briquette” and not charred briquette as “Biomass briquette” in order not to be confused. What we offered to you is charcoal briquette making machine to make briquette from charcoal or charred material. Charcoal briquette market is virtually different from biomass briquette market.
Charcoal briquette is for BBQ, grill restaurants, hotel, home-use, food industry and else. So, the price is completely better than the biomass briquette which is to be used as fuel (giving heat, sell as calorific value).
If you plan to make biomass briquette (briquette from olive stone), the process is called hot press process using heat to bind the biomass. You can carbonize this briquette later to get the charcoal if you want (need kiln for carbonization, same as making wood charcoal from wood log). The offered machine is the smallest size because this process requires much higher horse power machine.
I do not think there will be any problem with machine for charcoal briquette production.
Regarding briquette making from olive stone, we do not have the test machine now but we have experiences with what is called “olive husk” and dry olive waste. It can be made into briquette without problem (actually it smelled very good when making briquette). However, I want just to make sure if your sample is what we imagine or not. So, only little of sample to see would be enough.
I hope you are not getting tired of the questions but I still have these:
You wrote that (I quote) : “.. Anyway, higher the density of the briquette is, the longer the drying time requires..”.
the more compacted the briquettes are, the more time it requires to dry?
It is correct?
[Answer]: Yes, you understand correctly.
second question: If I succeed to get decent briquettes manually (which means without using a presses), can I assume that the result will be even better when I will be using a hydraulic press?
[Answer]: Yes, it is supposed to be that way. The result may be a lot better that making briquette by hand because you will never reach such high pressure the machine can do.
last question : are you building your own machines that you are selling?
[Answer]: Yes, we build our own machines everything by ourselves. The reason I suggested you try to find the standard hydraulic press unit (as photo) is that it would be easy and much cheaper for you.
Actually, the latest try gave me the impression that it might be a good idea to grind first the olive stones, char the grinded stones and then mold them. When molded, then they can be charred.
That is the latest idea I came with but I have not applied it yet to see if it is a better option. i thought of that because I noticed that the smaller the olive stones were, the quickest the charring process was. therefore, if I were to grind to stones into a powder, the charring process will be faster.
All my test so far were following this succession of steps : char the olive stones, grind them and then mold them.
I might stick to this process for the moment.
I will have plenty of olive stones available for my tests (I can even send some to you).
I can find different machines to char and grind, As for the molding machine, I am not sure there are any over there (i have not found any so far). That is why i though of you.
Out of curiosity : do you think, it is possible to make briquettes without adding any binder?
It would be great if you can send the sample to us to make the briquette for your reference.
It cannot be made into briquette without binder. Please note that the binding agent can be anything that gives stickiness, i.e.starch, flour, molasses, etc.
It is need to confirm the raw material first to offer the right equipment set to you. The charcoal briquette making from charcoal chunk/powder is the common method and proven technology. More than half of the charcoal briquette being sold in the market is this type. So, it would be great if you can char your raw material first. You can also mix them with other charcoal or some other fine materials too to improve the quality or reduce the cost.
Small briquette machine for farm – question & answer
Dear Sir or Madam:
My wife and I are looking for a small briquette machine for our farm here in United States. We are looking to press grass clippings, leaves and wood chips into logs or blocks for burning in a wood stove. Of course being that we are on the farm we have PTO driven tractors so the machine could be powered by PTO or an electric motor single phase.
Thank you for your e-mail.
It is very difficult to make the listed materials (grass clippings, leaves and wood chips) into briquette (log, block) using small single machine. Typically it is recommended to make pellet instead (but depends on your stove type if it can be used). The video of similar machine is as per link below.
For your information, smallest briquette that we manufacture is 10 HP and smallest pellet machine is 7.5 HP. Both can be either electric motor or engine drive.
There is no simple universal machine especially for home use, especially with small motor/engine.
Pellet making and Briquette making of Carbon from Pyrolysis process of Scrap Tyre / old tire to produce oil
The pellet making of fine carbon (powder form) from scrap tyre pyrolysis plant (oil production) is slightly more difficult than production of pellet from coal or charcoal. The oil content in the carbon powder is one of the factors.
Normally oil content in the carbon powder should not be higher than 2-3%, otherwise binder will be required. In case that binder is required, the mixing of fine carbon powder and binder dispersion are the key to the success of pellet production.
Common problems with the pellet making from carbon powder from pyrolysis of tire are dispersion, high oil content and feeding of powder into pelletizer (difficult to feed). The design of machine must take these factors into account.
Concerning the briquette making of fine carbon powder by screw press type machine, it is more difficult and has more factors to the success of the briquetting process. The main trouble is the heat generated by screw-press type machine will cause the change of powder’s characteristics (soften). Typically, the briquette made from screw-press type machine is not very high in density so it can be used as fuel for starting up the operation of the pyrolysis process (not very good if you want to sell them as briquette).
Thai Sumi Company
Following is a normal carbon pellet making. Screener is required to remove remaining fine powder.
Last year (2012), Thai government announced about Napier Grass for generating electric power as follows.
“The government will issue guidelines within the next two months on a policy to promote generation of electricity from Napier grass, Energy Minister Pongsak Ruktapongpisal said yesterday.
Napier grass, originally from Africa, is also known as Uganda grass or elephant grass for being a favourite food of elephants.
Speaking on the sidelines of the “Green Energy Forum: A Balancing Act for Sustainability” held by Krungthep Turakij, Pongsak said Germany had developed 7,000 power stations fuelled by Napier grass that provided 7,000 megawatts, and Thailand could match that production.
The ministry will provide a “feed-in tariff” subsidy of Bt4.50 per kilowatt-hour (unit) for a period of 25 years to power plants that use as feedstock Napier grass supplied by local communities. This grass can be grown in many parts of Thailand, especially in areas currently used as sugar-cane and tapioca plantations in the Northeast and Central regions, provided they are situated not too far from the power grid, he said.
Pongsak said alternative energy currently contributed merely 1 per cent of Thailand’s electricity production, and Napier grass would contribute a significant chunk of the target to increase the contribution of alternative energy to 25 per cent within 10 years.
“Concerning energy security, we are currently depending on natural gas for as much as 67 per cent [of power-generation needs]. Seven new records of peak power loads occurred during the past year, which prompted a call to save energy. While our installed capacity is 32,000MW, the power demand peaked in May at 26,774MW, leaving a power reserve gap of only 16 per cent,” he said.
Pongsak said that if electricity-use growth rates remained at the current level, there could be power-supply issues in the next two years. Investors have often asked him about the government’s plan to boost electricity capacity.
He said the government would negotiate with Myanmar to pursue the 7,000MW Salawin hydropower project as well as putting more emphasis on biomass and biogas, including electricity production from Napier grass.
Considering the Bt6.50-per-unit subsidy for solar farms, promoting more solar plants will place an heavy burden on the public in terms of higher electricity costs, the minister said.
The question is if this project is really economical or not. Many people have heard about some of the Napier grass to feed (“Elephant grass”). Can it be used as a fuel briquette (Briquette) or pellet (pellet)? What are the pros and cons of napier grass?
Napier grass really worth the fuel used to produce energy or not ? Depends on several factors. Particular grass species (Pakchong 1, Emperor, etc. ), which can grow well in the terrain and climate , which is used as fuel. It should be planted so the moisture at the harvest is minimal, enough texture of grass ( 3-4 months , humidity is about 65-70 % by weight). Harvesting (labor, machine) and Transportation to the factory is also a factor to consider too .
The key factors for using Napier grass to make into briquette or pellet form are the preparation of fresh grass into the form ready to be briquetted or pelletized because this process requires a lot of energy. By pressing the water out as the crushing roller, cut the grass into smaller sizes to increase the heat transfer area, the grass still needs drying whice requires a lot of energy, especially to dry grass to reduce moisture from 65-70 % to 15-20 %. First, the grass is being pressed by rollers, which can reduce the initial moisture content down to approximately 35-45 %. Using conventional type rotary drum drier, the required amount of fuel is very high because of low efficiency (in most cases, inevitable to use biomass fuel, i.e. napier grass itself). More efficient process is to use superheated steam, which can dry the grass quickly and the grass does not have chance to catch a fire compared with the conventional hot air type.
1. What is the standard moisture level in the charcoal?
2. How to calculate or measure the moisture content before selling/export?
3. Do you have any easy way to check if the moisture content is o.k.?
Basis of calculation: % Moisture ( wet weight ) = (weight of charcoal – dry charcoal) x100 /starting charcoal weight.
4. If we have high-tech tools to measure the moisture, what is the favorable level for charcoal / charcoal briquette export.
Please kindly reply
Normally, the charcoal / charcoal briquette moisture content should be in range of 7-10 %. However, there are some differences between charcoal (wood charcoal) and charcoal briquette.
1) If the charcoal manufacturer use water to extinguish the fire, then it would be somewhat higher moisture off the stove than to extinguish by closing the kiln, which almost no moisture left. Anyway, Usually charcoal will absorb the moisture in the atmosphere soon after you remove the charcoal from the kiln. If you do not put water directly to stop the carbonization (stop the charring), then the moisture content will not exceed 10%.
Other categories, such as mangrove charcoal imported from Myanmar , most of it will be humid because the sea water or sea water splashing into the boat. The salt is very rich in charcoal.
Ever is the time to send them to the destination. Countries with low humidity, like the Israel, the weight after 1 month storage can loose more than 5-10% in dry season. It has been my experience with clients who have experienced this but they were already aware of this problem at first (that is what I was told).
Conclusion is that rarely do they make it much moisture. But we can check easily and to be aware of is the time to pack a bag or box . If too damp can cause rot box or bag wet . You can test by packing and taking the box/bag under the sun and then, after back into the shade and cooling, open to check it.
Because containers can reach reach 60-70 degrees Celsius during shipping, if travel long distance like to Europe it will be more than 1 month, extreme heating/cooling will cause the problem.
2 ) Charcoal briquette with moisture higher than 10 percent moisture, it will become softened and mushy after a 1-2 day after packing. Thus, carry out a test (same as charcoal case), it is not difficult to know that the humidity is low enough or not.